Yala National Park is known to be the second largest and most visited national park in Sri Lanka. The huge forest area borders the Indian Ocean, situated in the south east corner of the island. The park is split into 5 blocks, the park has a protected area of nearly 130,000 hectares of land consisting of light forests, scrubs, grasslands, tanks and lagoons. Two blocks are currently opened to the public for observations.
Inhabitants of the park includes 44 species of mammals and 215 species of birds. The park holds its fame among worldwide visitors largely due to the fact that the park has one of the highest focus of leopard in the world and around 350 resident Asian elephants. Also the sloth bears, golden palm civets, Sri Lankan krait and crocodiles are present in the park. The leatherback and loggerhead sea turtles find their home in the coastline around the park. The best time to visit Yala is between February and July when quite low water levels of inner lagoons bring animals into the open.